As I have reported before about two high schools in Birdville ISD, Richland and Birdville, that have disproportionate discipline against people of color, we must look to the system that creates such a culture.
Birdville ISD in 2017-2018 had 25, 372 students total.
Out of those:
8%( 2029) Black
41% (10,402) Hispanic
Out of the populations above, these are the total discipline occurrences broken down by race:
After multiple meetings with BISD administration, I had not received an answer to my question to whether TEA discipline data is per individual student or per occurrence. I emailed the Texas Education Agency to get an answer:
As can be seen from the response by TEA, the lines of Discipline Data regarding DAEP placements, out of school suspensions, and in school suspensions are by occurrence.
The data reveals the inequity in discipline in Birdville ISD. White students make up 40% of the total population of BISD, yet they have LESS occurrences of discipline at 33%. Black students make up only 8% of the total population of students in BISD, yet they have 16% of the discipline occurrences. That is double the amount of Black students total population. Latino students make up 41% of BISD total population, yet have 45% of the discipline occurrences.
The numbers reveal that white students have less occurrences of discipline than students of color. 67% of all discipline occurrences are by students of color, yet they only make up 60% of the total population of total students.
There are 2,029 Black students in BISD and 1,362 occurrences of discipline were reported from black students. There are 10,402 Latino students in BISD and 3,836 occurrences of discipline were reported from Latino students. Last, there are 10, 148 White students in BISD and ONLY 2,794 occurrences of discipline were reported from white students.
That means in BISD, 1 in 1.5 Black students are likely to be disciplined, 1 in 2.7 Latino students are likely to be disciplined, and last 1 in 3.6 White students are likely to be disciplined.
Black students are 2X more likely to receive discipline than white students in BISD.
To research Texas school district and individual school data, go to: https://tea.texas.gov/Reports_and_Data/
To research the school to prison pipeline, start here: https://www.aclu.org/issues/juvenile-justice/school-prison-pipeline